General and verbatim memorization are the two most common memorization techniques utilized by college students. Recalling general details about subjects is known as general remembering. Students utilizing this method do not need to remember exact details, but they must demonstrate adequate understanding of course concepts. Students majoring in social sciences and the liberal arts are typically only required to possess general knowable of the subjects they study.
Students required to memorize concepts verbatim must recall exact details, words, formulas, etc. Foreign language, math, engineering, science, and law students are frequently required to memorize formulas, expressions, rules, vocabulary, and other concepts verbatim. However, students in all disciplines are usually required to remember some concepts verbatim.
Students also utilize other memorization methods. They should learn when it’s necessary to have a general knowledge about a subject and when exact details must be recalled. Improve recall by using these techniques:
1. Identify what must be memorized and understood. When you comprehend general concepts about a subject, it’s practically learned. Once you’ve learned the concept, memorizing key details, figures, formulas, etc., will be easier.
2. Highlight text, formulas, and other details within assigned readings that must be memorized verbatim.
3. Study information that must be memorized periodically throughout the day. Study during class breaks, while waiting for appointments, during meals, and other times when you can briefly review notes.
4. Personalize and relate concepts you’re memorizing to familiar subjects. It’s easier to memorize something that interests you.
5. Begin study sessions memorizing concepts you want to retain for extended periods of time.
6. Memorize complete units all at once since information must be recalled completely for the test.
7. Overlearn to solidify knowledge.
8. Thoroughly analyze concepts to understand all the nuances.
9. Create mental images while studying. This will help you better understand and memorize material.
10. Create examples and apply learned concepts to your life.
11. Organize information you’re memorizing to avoid confusions and have information readily assessable.
12. Enhance your understating of concepts by analyzing graphs and other visual aids.
13. Jot down key words that enhance understanding of specific concepts.
14. Use mnemonic devices to memorize key concepts.
15. Teach peers concepts you’re learning or memorizing. This is a great way to learn and internalize concepts.
16. Anticipate potential test questions, and then jot down answers. Once you’ve answered the questions, determine whether you were correct by going through your notes and reviewing the textbook.