PQFR Active Reading Strategy

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The PQ4R method is similar to SQ3R. It’s utilized by students working to improve memory retention. PQ4R is an acronym for previewing, questioning, reading, reflecting, reciting, and reviewing. It differs from SQ3R since students utilizing PQ4R read chapters and articles prior to the reflection phase.

Like SQ3R, PQ4R is easy to understand, and it can be utilized while reading texts for most subjects. Additionally, it can be utilized without teacher assistance.

The following are the six phases of the PQ4R method:


This phase is identical to the survey step of SQ3R. Preview text by reviewing chapter headings, table of contents, charts and diagrams, chapter questions, and read introductory and concluding paragraphs. You’ll have a basic idea of what you’ll be learning by doing so.


During this phase, students generate questions to answer while reading. Develop questions with chapter headings, and generate questions from past experiences with the concepts you’ll be reviewing. Develop additional questions while reading.


This phase differs from SQ3R since students now read the content. Thoroughly read assigned readings, write margin notes, and underline key text that answers generated questions.


Supporting concepts are connected to underlying concepts during this phase. Students should develop better insights into what they’re learning after this phase.


Underlying and supporting concepts are re-summarized during this phase. Actively read by reciting summaries aloud and jotting down new insights within a notebook. Develop an outline of what you’ve learned so far during this phase.


Conduct a brief review by highlighting or starring main concepts. Answer generated questions, and take time to determine whether you fully comprehend the main concepts of what you’re reading.

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