Is There a Gender Gap?

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Is there really a gender gap?

Man vs. WomanThe Gender Gap

95 cents per dollar

The Washington Post reported that women, on average, earn 95 cents for every dollar her male counterpart makes.

Is that cents-able?

77 cents per dollar

But according to the Bureau of Labor Statistics, women, on average, earn 77 cents for every dollar her male counterpart makes.

Where’s the cents in that?

President Obama quoted the Bureau of Labor Statistics figures when talking about equal pay for men and women in the workplace. Those figures are based on average wages for all men and women who work over 35 hours per week, regardless of occupation.

The Washington Post claims that when you account for differences in occupations, positions, education, job tenure and hours worked per week, the wage gap narrows to about 95 cents from the Bureau’s 77-cent gap claim.

Should we be focused on the Bureau of Labor Statistics figures, or would that be misleading?

Education

1977-78: Women surpass men for the first time in associates degrees.

1981-82: Women surpass men for the first time in completion of bachelors‘ degrees.

1987-88: Women earn more masters’ degrees than men.

2005-06: Women earn more doctorate degrees than men.

2014: 40% of all college-educated women were married to a man without a degree. In 1960, 80% of couples were equally educated. Today it is 60%.

Currently:

56% of students in the top 10 percent of their graduating classes are female.

59% of students graduating with an A+ GPA are female.

High school females graduate with an overall GPS of 3.44 compared to males at 3.30.

Females represent more than hlf of SAT test takers; yet score 27 points below the average male. Female average SAT score – 1496, Male Average SAT Score -1523.

High school females represent the majority of AP/honors science classes with 56%.

If there’s a major pay gap, why are women making the grade but not getting paid?

Career

Highest Earning College Majors

  • Petroleum Engineering – 87% Male/13% Female
  • Pharmaceutical Sciences and Administration – 48% Male/52% Female
  • Mathematics and Computer Science – 67% Male/ 33% Female
  • Aerospace Engineering – 88% Male/ 12% Female
  • Chemical Engineering – 72% Male/ 28% Female

Lowest Earning College Majors

  • Counseling Psychology – 26% Male/ 74% Female
  • Early Childhood Education – 3% Male/ 97% Female
  • Theology and Religious Vocations – 66% Male/34% Female
  • Human Services and Community Organization – 19% Male/ 81% Female
  • Social Work – 12% Male/ 88% Female

According to The Washington Post, when you compare unmarried women to unmarried men using the Bureau of Labor Statistics data, you see that women earn 96 cents for every dollar men make, narrowing the gap even further.

Part of the wage gap can also be explained by a greater percentage of women than men leaving the full-time work force for childbirth, childcare and elder care.

Women also tend to value flexible workplace policies and occupations more than men in order to maintain a work/family balance.

Do you agree with The Washington Post or Bureau of Labor Statistics? Do you feel that women are pressured by society into lower-paying jobs? Are men not making room for women in the higher-paying career fields? Is all of this adding up to you or do you feel we need some change?

And The Winner Is…

Wait, you want us to tell you who won? You should decide and throw in your two cents on the matter.

Leave a comment below. Explain and defend your position. Then, when you’re done taking a stance, share the infographic with your friends and see what they think.

However you feel about the different in pay between men and women, you can take matters into your own hands by getting your degree. The Bureau of Labor Statistics reports that a person with a bachelor’s degree makes about 70% more a year than those with only a high school diploma.

Advance your career. Get your degree.


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Sources: http://nces.ed.gov/programs/digest/d12/tables/dt12_310.asp, http://online.wsj.com/news/articles/SB10001424052748703559604576174931328491272?mg=reno64-wsj, http://usatoday30.usatoday.com/news/education/2009-08-25-SAT-scores_N.htm?loc=interstitialskip, http://time.com/7442/wives-are-now-more-educated-than-husbands/, http://www.nbcnews.com/politics/white-house/obama-pay-gender-gap-its-not-myth-its-math-n74836, http://www.theguardian.com/world/2014/apr/08/equal-pay-women-senate-as-study-gender-gap, http://www.thedailybeast.com/articles/2014/02/01/no-women-don-t-make-less-money-than-men.html, http://www.consad.com/content/reports/Gender%20Wage%20Gap%20Final%20Report.pdf, http://www.washingtonpost.com/blogs/fact-checker/wp/2014/04/09/president-obamas-persistent-77-cent-claim-on-the-wage-gap-gets-a-new-pinocchio-rating/


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