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Stanford University

Stanford University, or Stanford, is a private research university located in Stanford, California. Stanford is internationally-recognized for its prestigious undergraduate and graduate academic programs and is often one of the first college choices of talented students. Stanford offers students some of the nation's best law, medicine, English, and engineering programs.

While most people familiar with the university refer to it simply as "Stanford", its official name is Leland Stanford Junior University, named after Leland Stanford, a local politician and railroad tycoon that founded the university in 1891. Stanford was originally founded as a nondenominational, coeducational institution. From 1893, when Leland Stanford died, through World War II the university struggled financially. It wasn't until Provost Frederick Terman, with the support of school faculty and graduates, built up the local industry (later known as Silicon Valley) that the university began to thrive. By the early 1970s, Stanford has transformed itself into one of the largest research universities in the nation specializing in mathematics, natural sciences, computer sciences, and social sciences.

Stanford has a distinguished and renowned faculty. In addition to holding the record for the largest number of Turing award winners of any university, over fifty Stanford professors, faculty, and alumni have won the Nobel Prize in recognition of their contribution to cultural and scientific advances. Standford also has a very distinguished list of graduates and alumni, many of which have gone on to launch some of the world's most successful companies including Google, Cisco Systems, LinkedIn, Sun Microsystems, Hewlett-Packard, Varian Associates, Nike and Yahoo!

Stanford is composed of seven schools, two academic and five professional. These include Humanities and Sciences and Earth Sciences (the two academic schools) as well as Law, Medicine, Business, Engineering and Education (the five professional schools). Stanford is a wealthy and very well-funded institution. For the 2011-12 academic year, the university's total budget was well over $4 billion, with $1.2 billion dedicated to research, $16.5 billion endowment, and over $25 billion in assets (all amounts in U.S. dollars).

With more than 15,000 students (8,400 graduate students and 7,000 undergraduate students), Stanford is one of the largest private universities in the United States. It is also well known for its visually appealing campus set in the country and its appreciation for the arts, which is fostered by the Cantor Center for Visual Arts and Stanford Lively Arts. Stanford students have an active social life since the school sponsors hundreds of student intermural programs, political organizations, special interest groups and activities. Stanford University is a member of the Pac 12 athletic conference, competes in 34 varsity sports and has won the NACDA Director's Cup for almost 20 straight years. Stanford student-athletes have won over 115 Olympic gold medals since 1912, and in 2008 came away from the Olympics with more medals than any other U.S. university.

Stanford has a very selective admission process. Students must excel in academics, have the ability to succeed in a highly competitive college environment, and have high SAT or ACT exam scores. Admission to graduate programs differs by program.

Financial Aid is available at Stanford. Scholarships, federal Pell grants, and loans are available to qualifying students. Stanford also sponsors work-study programs. Grants and fellowships are available to graduate students.

Stanford is accredited by the Western Association of Schools and Colleges.

A Coeducational Institution

Since its inception Stanford has been a coeducational university. However, Jane Stanford, Leland Stanford's wife and one of the original founders of the school, placed a ceiling on female enrollment due to fears that the university was turning into a women's college. During the 1930s the school had a female to male ratio of 3:1. By the mid-1960s the ratio had dropped to 2:1 (for undergraduates) and today the ratio of women to men is roughly equal at 1:1. However, the ratio of men to women at the graduate level is 2:1, in favor of men.

Academics

The majority of enrollments at Stanford University are graduate and professional students. Graduate students at Stanford outnumber undergraduates by nearly 2,000. The undergraduate program is based around a liberal arts and sciences curriculum and is highly competitive. While undergraduate applications to the university each year are on the rise, admission rates are low. Only the best and the brightest get accepted to Stanford. There is a high level of coexistence among undergraduate and graduate students at Stanford.

Stanford University has seven schools. Three of these schools have undergraduate programs and four only offer graduate level education. The schools of Engineering (9 departments), Humanities and Sciences (27 departments) and Earth Sciences (4 departments) all offer both undergraduate and graduate programs. The schools of Education, Medicine, Law and the Graduate School of Business only accept graduate students to their programs.

University and Program Rankings

Stanford is not only one of the top ranked universities in the nation, it's also number one in the world according to The Times Higher Education World University Rankings, an international rankings of universities published by the British Magazine Times Higher Education. In 2011, Stanford University ranked number one in the world for both humanities and social sciences and number two in the world for best research universities. Stanford ranked 3rd in life sciences, 3rd in engineering and technology, 2nd in arts and humanities, 5th in physical sciences, 2nd in clinical, pre-clinical and health sciences, and 1st in social sciences. And what's most amazing is that no other university in the world placed in the top five across so many broad disciplines. In a nutshell, the quality of education at Stanford is superior.

The Academic Ranking of World Universities (ARWU), more commonly known as the Shanghai Ranking, ranked Stanford 2nd best university in the world for 2011. ARWU ranked Stanford 2nd in Engineering/Technology and Computer Sciences, 6th in Natural Sciences and Mathematics, 6th in Life and Agriculture Sciences, 6th in Social Sciences and 13th in Clinical Medicine and Pharmacy worldwide. In its rankings of individual subjects, ARWU ranked Stanford 1st in computer science, 3rd in chemistry, 4th in mathematics, 6th in physics, and 6th in economics and business. (The ARWU is recognized as one of the three most widely observed and influential international university rankings reports, along with Times Higher Education World University Rankings and QS World University Rankings.)

The following are the 2011 QS World University Rankings for Stanford University:
  • Social Sciences & Management - 3
  • Natural Sciences - 6
  • Life Sciences & Medicine - 4
  • Engineering & Technology - 2
  • Arts & Humanities - 7
In specific disciplines QS World University Rankings ranked Stanford accordingly:
  • 1st in Statistics
  • 2nd in Computer Science
  • 2nd in Civil & Structural Engineering
  • 2nd in Electrical Engineering
  • 3rd in Psychology
  • 3rd in Economics
  • 4th in Mechanical, Aeronautical, & Manufacturing Engineering
  • 4th in Mathematics
  • 5th in Law
  • 5th in Medicine
  • 5th in Metallurgy
  • 5th in Biological Sciences
  • 5th in Chemistry
  • 5th in Accounting and Finance
  • 5th in Chemical Engineering
  • 5th in Linguistics
  • 6th in Physics and Astronomy
  • 6th in Environmental Sciences
  • 6th in Sociology
  • 7th in Politics and International Studies
  • 7th in Geography & Area Studies
  • 8th in Earth and Marine Sciences
  • 8th in English
  • 8th in Philosophy
  • 10th in History
  • 11th in Modern Languages
According to a 2010 poll conducted by The Princeton Review, Stanford was the number one "dream school" for both students and for parents. Other surveys have shown that Stanford is considered the second-most prestigious university in the nation by the public (behind Harvard), and among the college-educated, Stanford is roughly on par with Harvard.

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Research Centers and Institutes at Stanford

Stanford is one of the largest research institutions in the nation, dedicating over a billion dollars to research activities each year. One of the most recognized research institutions affiliated with Sanford is the SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory, formerly the Stanford Linear Accelerator Center. The SLAC is a United States Department of Energy National Laboratory operated by Stanford. Activities at the SLAC revolve around theoretical and experimental research in elementary particle physics.

The Stanford Research Institute, SRI International (SRI), was first established by Stanford trustees in 1946 as a center of innovation to spur economic development. Today it is one of the largest contract research institutions in the world. In 1970, Stanford Research Institute formally cut its ties to Stanford University and became an independent nonprofit institute known as SRI. It performs R&D activities for businesses, government agencies and foundations worldwide.

Stanford University is also home to the Hoover Institution on War, Revolution, and Peace, a public policy think tank. While the institution is part of Stanfordm, it has its own board of directors and overseers. The institution's basic tenets, as outlined in its mission statement, are representative government, peace, personal freedom, private enterprise, and safeguards of the American system. The institute supports the American conservative and libertarian political philosophies, values and movements. Several high-profile conservatives (Condoleezza Rice, Edwin Meese, etc.) as well as politicians connected with the Bush Administration are all Hoover Institution fellows. The institute is spread across three buildings on Stanford's campus, the most prominent being the well-known Hoover Tower. The Hoover Institute attracts scholars from around the world.

Another attraction among visiting scholars is Stanford's Freeman Spogli Institute for International Studies, which is specifically dedicated to the study of international relations.

Other prominent institutes at Stanford include the Center for Ocean Solutions, whose mission is to develop solutions to meet the challenges facing the ocean, and John S. Knight Fellowships for Professional Journalists, whose mission is to promote journalistic innovation, entrepreneurship and leadership.

Finally, the Hasso Plattner Institute of Design is a multidisciplinary design school developed and run by Stanford University in cooperation with the German Hasso Plattner Institute of University of Potsdam. Projects overseen by this institute involve the integration of business and management training into engineering and product design education at the university level. The Pulse News Reader, one of the highest-selling Apple Apps, solar-powered LED lights and the Embrace blanket were all developed and launched from the Institute.

General Information

Admission Office
Montag Hall
355 Galvez Street
Stanford, CA 94305-6106
(650) 723-2091
Fax: (650) 723-6050
admission@stanford.edu
Contact: Richard Shaw
Dean of Undergraduate Admission and Financial Aid
Main Address
Stanford, CA 94305
(650) 723-2300
www.stanford.edu
Size
Total undergrads: 6,532
First-time degree-seeking freshmen: 1,703
Degree-seeking undergrads: 6,502
Graduate enrollment: 10,280

Setting
Suburban setting
Small city (50,000 - 249,999)
Residential campus
Degrees offered:
Bachelor's
Master's
Doctoral
First Professional

Tuition & Fees

Estimated Annual Expenses 2008-'09 2009-'10 2010-'11 2011-'12 % change 2010-'12
Tuition and fees $35,089 $36,798 $38,676 $40,172 +3.87%
Books and Supplies $1,335 $1,455 $1,485 $1,485 0.00%
Living Arrangement - On Campus
Room and Board $10,808 $11,182 $11,463 $11,876 +3.60%
Other $1,995 $2,325 $2,385 $2,385 0.00%
Living Arrangement - Off Campus
Room and Board $0 $0 $0 $0 0.00%
Other $0 $0 $0 $0 0.00%
Total Expenses 2008-'09 2009-'10 2010-'11 2011-'12 % change 2010-'12
In-state On Campus $49,227 $51,760 $54,009 $55,918 +3.53%
In-state Off Campus $36,424 $38,253 $40,161 $41,657 +3.73%
In-state with Family $36,424 $38,253 $40,161 $41,657 +3.73%
Average Graduate Student Tuition & Fees
Tuition for In-state Students $38,700
In-state Student Fees $786
Tuition for Out-of-state Students $38,700
Out-of-state Fees $786

Financial Aid

Full-time Beginning Undergraduate Students
Type of Aid Students Percent Amount Average Per Student
All students financial aid 1,269 75%
Grant or scholarship aid 1,066 63% $34,179,370 $32,063
• Federal grants 260 15% $1,556,051 $5,985
• Pell grants 256 15% $962,434 $3,760
• Other federal grants 213 13% $593,617 $2,787
State/local government grant or scholarships 87 5% $832,019 $9,563
Institutional grants or scholarships 1,063 62% $31,791,300 $29,907
Student loan aid 201 12% $1,397,212 $6,951
• Federal student loans 191 11% $838,788 $4,392
• Other student loans 38 2% $558,424 $14,695

All Degrees and Programs

BA/BS MA/MS PhD AA/AS CERT
Total of All Education Programs 1717 2056 972 - 5
Agriculture - 1 - - -
Food Science and Technology, Other - 1 - - -
Area, Gender, Cultural, Ethnic, and Group Studies 35 45 - - -
African Studies - - - - -
African-american/black Studies 6 - - - -
American Indian/native American Studies - - - - -
American/united States Studies/civilization 10 - - - -
Area Studies, Other - 12 - - -
Asian-american Studies 3 - - - -
East Asian Studies 4 23 - - -
Ethnic, Cultural Minority, Gender, and Group Studies, Other 9 - - - -
Hispanic-american, Puerto Rican, and Mexican-american/chicano Studies - - - - -
Latin American Studies - 10 - - -
Women's Studies 3 - - - -
Biology and Biomedical Sciences 123 56 112 - -
Biochemistry - - 10 - -
Biochemistry, Biophysics and Molecular Biology, Other - 1 4 - -
Biology and Biological Sciences, General 123 25 21 - -
Biomedical Sciences - 2 - - -
Biophysics - - 7 - -
Cell Physiology - - 2 - -
Developmental Biology and Embryology - 1 6 - -
Epidemiology - 19 - - -
Human/medical Genetics - 7 11 - -
Immunology - - 13 - -
Microbiology and Immunology - - 15 - -
Molecular Pharmacology - - - - -
Neuroscience - 1 10 - -
Oncology and Cancer Biology - - 13 - -
Structural Biology - - - - -
Business, Administration, Management, Marketing, etc. - 408 14 - -
Business Administration and Management - 351 14 - -
Business Administration, Management and Operations, Other - 54 - - -
Business, Management, Marketing, and Related Support Services, Other - 3 - - -
Communication and Journalism Programs 38 25 8 - -
Communication and Media Studies, Other 38 25 8 - -
Computing and Information Sciences 86 152 25 - -
Computer Science 86 152 25 - -
Education - 192 28 - -
Biology Teacher Education - 11 - - -
Chemistry Teacher Education - 2 - - -
Earth Science Teacher Education - - - - -
Education - 108 28 - -
Elementary Education and Teaching - 22 - - -
English/language Arts Teacher Education - 16 - - -
Foreign Language Teacher Education - - - - -
French Language Teacher Education - - - - -
German Language Teacher Education - - - - -
History Teacher Education - - - - -
Mathematics Teacher Education - 16 - - -
Physics Teacher Education - 2 - - -
Social Science Teacher Education - 15 - - -
Spanish Language Teacher Education - - - - -
Engineering 235 626 200 - 5
Aerospace, Aeronautical and Astronautical/space Engineering - 39 13 - -
Bioengineering and Biomedical Engineering - 20 11 - -
Chemical Engineering 20 17 7 - -
Civil Engineering 22 143 16 - 2
Electrical and Electronics Engineering 36 197 89 - 2
Engineering, Other 86 16 3 - -
Environmental/environmental Health Engineering 10 - - - -
Industrial Engineering - - - - -
Materials Engineering 7 45 12 - 1
Mechanical Engineering 54 138 42 - -
Petroleum Engineering - 11 7 - -
Systems Engineering - - - - -
Engineering Technology 59 157 16 - -
Engineering/industrial Management 59 157 16 - -
English Language, Composition and Literature/letters 69 11 10 - -
English Language and Literature 69 7 6 - -
English Language and Literature/letters, Other - 4 4 - -
Foreign Languages, Literatures, and Linguistics 56 14 16 - -
Chinese Language and Literature 5 3 1 - -
Classics and Classical Languages, Literatures, and Linguistics 16 2 2 - -
Comparative Literature 8 - 2 - -
Foreign Languages and Literatures - - - - -
French Language and Literature 2 - 1 - -
German Language and Literature 3 2 1 - -
Italian Language and Literature 1 - - - -
Japanese Language and Literature 5 1 1 - -
Linguistics 4 4 5 - -
Romance Languages, Literatures, and Linguistics - - - - -
Russian Language and Literature 4 1 - - -
Spanish Language and Literature 8 1 3 - -
Health Services and Allied Health Sciences - 15 100 - -
Health and Medical Administrative Services, Other - 10 - - -
Medical Informatics - 5 1 - -
Medicine - - 99 - -
History 63 14 9 - -
History 63 14 9 - -
Human Services 22 9 - - -
Public Policy Analysis 22 9 - - -
Legal and Law Studies - - 213 - -
Advanced Legal Research/studies - - 42 - -
Law - - 171 - -
Liberal Arts and Sciences, General Studies and Humanities 6 16 7 - -
Humanities/humanistic Studies 6 1 7 - -
Liberal Arts and Sciences/liberal Studies - 15 - - -
Mathematics and Statistics 57 117 31 - -
Applied Mathematics, Other 22 - - - -
Computational and Applied Mathematics - 24 13 - -
Financial Mathematics - 46 - - -
Mathematics 35 2 9 - -
Statistics - 45 9 - -
Multi-/interdisciplinary Studies 277 1 - - -
Biological and Physical Sciences - - - - -
Cognitive Science 18 1 - - -
Human Biology 219 - - - -
Multi-/interdisciplinary Studies, Other - - - - -
Science, Technology and Society 40 - - - -
Natural Resources and Conservation - 9 3 - -
Natural Resources Conservation and Research, Other - 9 3 - -
Physical Sciences 95 42 105 - -
Chemistry 18 3 35 - -
Geological and Earth Sciences/geosciences, Other 11 7 17 - -
Geology and Earth Science 32 15 - - -
Geophysics and Seismology 2 5 4 - -
Physics 32 6 29 - -
Physics, Other - 6 20 - -
Psychology 79 25 12 - -
Psychology 79 25 12 - -
Social Sciences 377 91 51 - -
Anthropology 15 7 8 - -
Archeology 3 - - - -
Economics 141 23 26 - -
International Relations and Affairs 108 21 - - -
Political Science and Government 74 5 8 - -
Sociology 26 35 9 - -
Urban Studies/affairs 10 - - - -
Visual and Performing Arts 40 30 12 - -
Art History, Criticism and Conservation 8 2 2 - -
Art/art Studies 2 - - - -
Cinematography and Film/video Production - 9 - - -
Drama and Dramatics/theatre Arts 8 - 2 - -
Film/cinema/video Studies 3 - - - -
Fine/studio Arts 5 4 - - -
Industrial and Product Design - 3 - - -
Music Theory and Composition - - 5 - -
Music 14 12 3 - -
Above data represents first majors only.
(-) Indicates that a program is not offered at this level.

Admissions Information

Application Fee
College has an application fee: Yes
Regular application fee: $90
Online application fee: $90
Enrollment Rates
Percent applicants admitted: 9%
Percent of students who return for sophomore year: 98%
Admissions Considerations
Secondary school GPA: Recommended
Secondary school record: Required
Recommendations: Required
Admission test scores (SAT/ACT): Required
College-preparatory program: Recommended
TOEFL: Recommended

Undergraduate Admissions Fall 2011
Number of Applicants: 34,348
Percent Admitted: 7%
Percented Admitted Who Enrolled: 70%
Test Scores: Fall 2011

SAT Critical Reading
  • 670 (25th Percentile)
  • 770 (75th Percentile)
SAT Math
  • 670 (25th Percentile)
  • 780 (75th Percentile)
SAT Writing
  • 690 (25th Percentile)
  • 780 (75th Percentile)
ACT Composite
  • 30 (25th Percentile)
  • 34 (75th Percentile)
ACT English
  • 30 (25th Percentile)
  • 35 (75th Percentile)
ACT Math
  • 30 (25th Percentile)
  • 35 (75th Percentile)

Enrollment Statistics


Undergraduate Attendance Status


Undergraduate Student Gender

Undergraduate Student Age


Undergraduate Student Residence

Graduate Attendance Status



Undergraduate Race/Ethnicity


Retention and Graduation Rates


Retention Rates for First-Time Students Pursuing Bachelor's Degrees


Overall Graduation and Transfer-Out Rates for Students

Graduation Rates for Students Pursuing Bachelor's Degrees



6-Year Graduation Rate by Gender for Students Pursuing Bachelor's Degrees



6-Year Graduation Rate by Race/Ethnicity for Students Pursuing Bachelor's Degrees


Undergraduate Majors

Area, Ethnic, Cultural, & Gender Studies
African Studies B
African-American Studies B
American Studies B
Asian American Studies B
East Asian Studies B
German Studies B
Hispanic-American Studies B
Native American Studies B
Women's Studies B

Arts, Visual & Performing
Art - General B
Drama/Theater Arts B
Fine/Studio Arts B
Music - General B

Biological & Biomedical Sciences
Biology B

Communications & Journalism
Communications/Rhetoric B

Computer & Information Sciences
Computer Science B
Computer/Information Sciences - General B

Engineering
Chemical Engineering B
Civil Engineering B
Electrical/Communications Engineering B
Engineering - General B
Environmental Engineering B
Materials Engineering B
Materials Science B
Mechanical Engineering B
Petroleum B

Engineering Technologies
Engineering/Industrial Management B

English Language & Literature
English Composition B
English Language & Literature - General B
English Literature (British) B

Foreign Language & Literature
Chinese B
Classics B
Comparative Literature B
French B
German B
Italian B
Japanese B
Linguistics B
Slavic B
Spanish B

History
History - General B

Liberal Arts & Sciences
Humanities B

Mathematics
Mathematics - General B

Multi/Interdisciplinary Studies
Global Studies B
Intercultural/Multicultural/Diversity Studies B
Mathematics/Computer Science B
Science, Technology & Society B
Systems Science/Theory B

Natural Resources & Conservation
Environmental Science B

Philosophy & Religion
Philosophy B
Religion/Religious Studies B

Physical Sciences
Chemistry B
Geology B
GeophysicsSeismology B
Physics B

Psychology
Psychology - General B

Public Administration & Services
Public Policy Analysis B

Social Sciences
Anthropology B
Archaeology B
Economics B
International Relations B
Political Science/Government B
Sociology B
Urban Studies B

Degree levels for each major are designated by the following letters:
    A = Associate degree
    B = Bachelor's degree
    C = Certificate or diploma
*We do not guarantee the accuracy of information on this page. All information is subject to change. You should confirm all information with a college admissions officer.
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